Lord Krishna says, it is very necessary to understand between
1) Karma or Action according to dharma.
2) Forbidden Karma or adhArmic Karma
People resort to inaction as an excuse since it is very difficult to understand or draw a line between Karma and forbidden Karma. In a Parliamentary election, if someone does not go to cast his/her vote saying the record of all candidates irrespective of party is bad then that person is following the path of “Inaction”.
Having understood the secret of KarmaYoga, that one has to do his duty without seeking the fruits of action, the ancient seekers of truth reached their goal following the path of Karma Yoga.Man wants happiness which is the real nature of his soul.But he seeks happiness outside by trying to achieve objects outside by doing a specific work or karma.By doing so he gets entangled in the laws of karma and thus in cycle of births and deaths.
So a person who wants liberation and Moksha, should be free from “doership” of action and should not seek fruits of action outside but should offer “fruits of action” to God.Slowly his mind will become pure and thus he will be liberated.
When one says that ” I did it”, “I want this”, etc they are modifications of the mind and one gets attached to the fruits of the Karma good or bad.But Lord Krishna says that since he has no desire for the fruits of action, it’s fruits also do not taint him.When one can work for the sake of work and not for the fruits there of, one can become free from bondage this very moment.Imagine two students studying in a class of physics,One student studies his subject for the love of the subject and the other one instead of reading the text book prepares only for the exam by reading previous years question papers.The student studying with previous years question papers may get more marks but has not mastered his subject so may fail in his work at a later stage when he has to apply the laws of physics in his real time work,The one who has mastered the subject will definitely l get good marks and will also be able to apply the laws of physics when the time comes.
Another example can be that of a 3D movie.When you see the car rushing at you in the movie, your heartbeats rise.But if you close your eyes for a moment, you realise that you are not in the movie and your heartbeat regains normalcy.Same is the case in this world.When we attach to our body, mind etc, we get tainted by the suffering and happiness experienced through the body and mind.So if you realise that you are not the body and mind, then you can be free from fruits of actions.
This sloka has to be understood in the proper context.Here Lord Krishna says that the four Varnas were created by him.Here Varnas means caste or colour.This sloka has been misunderstood by people thinking that the caste system was created by God.Actually what lord Krishna says is that it is mental traits (gunas) and actions( Karma) and not birth that decide the caste of a person.
Brahmin – A person in whom Satva Guna is predominant,
Kshatriya– A person in whom Satva Guna tained with Rajas prevails.
Vaisya– A person in whom Rajas predominates with a tinge of Satva.
Shudra – A person in whom Tamas is predominant with a tinge of Rajas.
The qualities of the Gunas are :
Satva: The pure qualities of Sattva are (12) and they are1: Kindness (Anarishanyam), 2: Discretion in the use of articles (Samvibhagaruchita), 3: Forgiveness (Titikshna),4: Truthfulness (Satyam), 5: Righteousness (Dharma), 6: Belief in God (Astikyam), 7: Knowledge (Jnanam), 8: Wisdom (Buddhi), 9: Intelligence (Medha), 10: Memory (Smriti), 11: Firmness (Dhriti), 12: Non attachment (Anabhisangshcha)
So a Brahmin’s son ( by birth) can be a shudra if he has predominance or tamas and a Shudras son(by birth) can be a Kshatriya if he a predominance of Rajas with Satva.It is the mental make up that decides the varna of a person.
So in every person these gunas are inherent and one or two gunas may be predominant.So if a person has more tamoguna , then he must evolve to rajasic and satvic gunas for liberation, A vaisya-mind should develop more of Satva and Rajas,and a Kshatriya who is brave because of Rajo guna should cultivate more of compassion to gain Satva in him.If these Gunas are so developed then only spiritual liberation can happen.So everyone should try to develop as much Satva in him as possible for Liberation.
SRI CHAKRA THE YANTRA OF GODDESS —— HAPPY DUSSEHRA
Men want fruits of actions instantly and the expected fruits which one gets as a result of his action is called success.No one wants to be a failure or likes it.So people run from one God to the other with the list of desires.So Lord Krishna here says that men want “everlasting” peace yet are satisfied by temporary happiness when they get the objects of their desires which are sensual in nature.So everyone seeking objects of desires like wealth, house, power etc goes after this God or that God thinking they will get instant result.
Here Lord Krishna says, that he responds to devotees according to their expectations.If a devotee believes that God is the fulfiller of his desires then he does respond like that, if he believes that God is the giver of spirituality and knowledge, then he responds in that way.What ever the temperament a devotee has towards God, God responds in that way depending on the devotees’ capacity.